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BPNA’s rules deny safe treatment for children with epilepsy – an open letter to the Secretary of State for Health

October 4, 2021 | IN NEWS | BY Kate Thorpe
BPNA’s rules deny safe treatment for children with epilepsy – an open letter to the Secretary of State for Health

Below is the text of an open letter which has been sent from the Medical Cannabis Clinicians Society to The Secretary of State for Health, Sajid Javid.

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Open Letter, sent 4 October 2021

Dear Secretary of State for Health and Social Care,

The Medical Cannabis Clinicians Society (MCCS) was created in 2018 to support and educate clinicians who wish to prescribe medicinal cannabis in the UK. Today we write because of our considerable concern about the current situation regarding children with drug-resistant epilepsy who are denied NHS prescriptions for a medicine that has been shown to be life transforming for them.

There is now overwhelming evidence of the efficacy of medicinal cannabis for these children. A recent paper by Drug Science showed that there is a 96% chance of a child significantly improving after prescription of full spectrum cannabis. This is a remarkable statistic given that these children will have been resistant to all licensed anti-convulsant drugs, often suffering from hundreds of seizures weekly and experiencing a very poor quality of life combined with a risk of death. Although this was a relatively small UK study, similar outcomes have been demonstrated in many other larger international studies in children with drug-resistant epilepsy. Also, in more established medical cannabis markets such as Canada, US and Israel, there are now thousands of children with drug-resistant epilepsy who are being prescribed full spectrum products after licenced medications have failed to work, often with dramatic improvements in seizure control and quality of life.  Treating these children with conventional anti-epileptic medicines and other techniques is costing the NHS millions of pounds each year to care for them. However, when using medicinal cannabis products, many of them have remained at home and have had huge improvements in their seizure control and their cognitive development with consequential significant savings to the NHS in terms of pharmaceutical and hospital costs.

The British Paediatric Neurology Association (BPNA) declares itself to be the professional medical body for paediatric neurologists.  Apart from a specific brand (which is not full spectrum) in very limited circumstances that has been through the conventional licencing system, the BPNA appears to be very much opposed to the prescription of medical cannabis products. From what we understand, they appear to want to see more evidence about safety and efficacy and are concerned that these ‘full spectrum’ products are unlicenced.

Both of these points are hard to understand.  By more evidence, we presume they mean evidence generated from Randomised Control Trials (RCTs).  However, full spectrum medical cannabis has many active ingredients and is therefore, by definition, not well suited to such trials. And they seem reluctant ‘in extremis’ to accept the enormous volume of real world and observational evidence. And the fact that a medicine is unlicenced is not a bar to its prescription. Unlicenced medicines are routinely prescribed for a range of conditions.

Our concern is that what appears to be a deeply entrenched and dogmatic position on this subject from the BPNA is effectively denying sick children access to an efficacious and safe medicine that may well reduce or even stop their seizures and immeasurably improve their quality of life and reduce their chance of death.  It is deterring private prescriptions and is playing a part in the almost total block on NHS prescriptions.  This block in turn is forcing many very vulnerable families to have to fundraise thousands of pounds a month to source the medicine privately.

The BPNA’s current guidance states that you must be a paediatric neurologist to prescribe.  But this is their view.  It is not based on law and as we show here is not supported by national guidance.

It is our understanding that such is their strength of feeling on this matter, that the BPNA have referred one doctor who was prescribing such medicines to the General Medical Council (GMC) on the basis that he was a paediatric rheumatologist rather than a paediatric neurologist. Thankfully after careful review this case has now been dropped.  The GMC found no fault and no further action will be taken.  With the permission of the doctor concerned we highlight the following quote from the contribution of the GMC’s own independent medical expert.

“Dr X appears to have provided adequate care to the families who consulted him, with evidence of benefit, and no evidence of harm. The BPNA position that only Paediatric Neurologists should initiate treatment is not supported by other national guidance, and probably not in the best interests of children, as it may impede debate and research into the appropriate use of Cannibidiols (sic) in refractory epilepsy”.

Currently, there are just two paediatric neurologists prescribing for children and one of them is retiring in October.  Soon, there will be only one prescriber for over 100 children currently being administered these medicines and many thousands more who might benefit. This is simply unacceptable and puts the children who have prescriptions at real risk from rebound seizures, if they lose their prescribers.

We are calling on members of both the BPNA and the wider paediatric community to:

  1. Question the current position of the BPNA and to consider real world evidence and to treat individual patients on a case-by-case basis.
  2. Take into account the recently clarified NICE guidance which now recognise that cannabis prescription is reasonable if all else has failed and a child has responded to the medicine – “Patients in this population can be prescribed cannabis-based medicinal products if the healthcare professional considers that that would be appropriate on a balance of benefit and risk, and in consultation with the patient, and their families and carers or guardian…. There is no recommendation against the use of cannabis-based medicinal products”.
  3. When clinically appropriate, advocate for and where possible deliver, the prescription of full spectrum medicines on the NHS.
  4. Avail themselves of the offer of the MCCS to train free of charge and mentor any paediatrician who wishes to prescribe. The MCCS have set up a Resistant Epilepsy Cannabis Assessment Panel (RECAP) to assess individual cases. This panel has national cannabis experts and international paediatric neurologists including Dr. Carter Snead, Dr.Evan Lewis and Dr. Richard Huntsman. Contact can be made by emailing [email protected].

We ask that you, as the Secretary of State for Health & Social Care:

  1. Support our calls to the medical paediatric community as above.
  2. Work with the NHS and the wider medical community, including the MCCS to ensure that the barriers currently blocking NHS prescriptions to the cohort of paediatric epilepsy patients are broken down.


Medical Cannabis Clinicians Society – Executive Committee and Members
Professor Michael Barnes (Chair) Consultant Neurologist & Consultant in Rehabilitation Medicine
Dr Evan Lewis Paediatric Neurologist (Canada)
Dr Sunil Arora Pain Consultant and Anaesthetist
Dr Danielle Gordon GP
Dr Leon Barron GP
Dr Niraj Singh Consultant Psychiatrist
Dr Rebecca Moore Consultant Psychiatrist
Dr Elizabeth Iveson Consultant Geriatrician
Dr Eliezar Okirie Consultant in Neurological Rehabilitation
Dr Beverley Fairclough Consultant Psychiatrist
Dr Nathan Hasson Consultant Paediatric Rheumatologist
Dr Luisa Searle Consultant Psychiatrist
Dr A Suleman GP
Dr Adam Bentley GP
Dr Brian Birch Consultant Urologist
Dr Harrison Offiong GP
Dr Tahzid Ahsan Consultant Psychiatrist
Dr Osama Hammer Consultant Psychiatrist
Dr Jake Timothy Consultant Neurosurgeon and Spinal Surgeon
Dr Ron Velthuis GP (the Netherlands)
Dr Sandeep Bolia GP
Dr Gurprit Atwal Consultant Histopathologist and Medical Examiner
Dr Julia Piper GP
Dr Prabha Moorti Consultant Psychiatrist
Dr Jen Anderson GP (Canada)
Dr Iqbal Mohiuddin Consultant Psychiatrist
Dr Andrew Sanger Bowen GP
Dr Elaine Tickle GP
Dr A J Wallis GP
Dr David Howells Consultant Psychiatrist
Dr Vimal Sivasanker Consultant Psychiatrist
Dr Anup Mathew Consultant Psychiatrist
Dr Caroline Bealing GP
Dr Maria Kallikourdi Consultant Psychiatrist
Dr Andrew Bradford Consultant in Neurological Rehabilitation
Dr Mark Smith GP
Dr Sharon Hadley GP
Dr Robert Greig Consultant in Emergency Medicine
Dr Naheem Bashir GP
Dr Anthony Ordman Consultant in Pain Medicine
Dr David Tang Consultant in Emergency Medicine
Dr Charlotte Cocks GP
Dr Neil Wright GP
Dr Graham Sanderson GP
Dr Sudha Balakrishnan Consultant in Rehabilitation Medicine
Dr Lauren Kelly Scientific Director, Canadian Childhood Cannabinoid Clinical Trials
Dr Tahira Ellahi Consultant Psychiatrist
Dr Simmi Sachdeva-Mohan Consultant Psychiatrist